Holarchical Innovation Teams: Philosophy

Michael F. Reber - Holarchical Innovation Teams Study Group. Tokyo, Patrizia Gazzola - Associate Professor, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy


This paper builds upon “holarchical innovation teams: terms & definitions” in volume 13, issue 4 of Economia Aziendale Online by putting forth a philosophy for the nascent discipline of Holarchical Innovation Teams (HITs). HITs Philosophy is grounded in both a philosophy of self-actualization ethics or eudaimonism as developed by David L. Norton in Personal Destinies: A Philosophy of Ethical Individualism (1976) and Democracy and Moral Development: A Politics of Virtue (1991), as well as the theory of combinatory systems as expressed by Piero Mella in The Combinatory Systems Theory: Understanding, Modeling and Simulating Collective Phenomena (2017). This paper provides a review of both Norton and Mella’s works in order to lay the foundations for a HITs Philosophy. It is left to future researchers and scholars of the HITs discipline to extend beyond this paper’s parameters to develop the HITs Philosophy.


combinatory systems theory, creative work, eudaimonism, excellences, holarchy, holarchical innovation teams, holarchical combinatory value-creation, holism, holon, holonic connection, holonic view, human dignity, innovation, integrity, synergy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13132/2038-5498/14.1.67-100


Registered by the Cancelleria del Tribunale di Pavia N. 685/2007 R.S.P. – electronic ISSN 2038-5498


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