Tourism as Form of Personal Liberty and General Communication: Experience of Geo-systems Analysis

Alina Paranina - Herzen State Pedagogical University, St. Petersburg, Roman Paranin - Herzen State Pedagogical University, St. Petersburg


This conceptual paper presents a view of tourism as a form of personal freedom, which returns a holistic perception of the world to a person and the possibility of more complete self-realization, and the tourism sector as a form of global communications necessary to overcome the systemic crisis of civilization associated with the violation of external and internal relations in the system “society – nature of the Earth”, which for 2.5 million years has been developing as a “world without borders”. As an evidence of the continuous spatial development of the planet, prehistoric heritage objects of navigation purpose (navigation – movement and orientation in space-time) are considered, the instrumental capabilities of which are revealed on the basis of paleo-astronomical and paleo-geographical research methods, as well as geo-system approach, traditionally used in geography for the analysis of territorial systems. In the article we proposed reconstruction of navigation technologies and the most ancient symbols of culture, conceptual models of the evolution of human biological and social nature show the astronomical nature of signs and abstract thinking, which allows us to consider modern navigation and communication technologies (including the development of tourism) as manifestations of the self-regulation of global socio-natural a system that provides sustainability based on maintaining flow and diversity. Navigation methods allow us to replenish the resources of the tourism sector, as well as to increase the level of social adaptation (tolerance) based on a rational interpretation of cultural objects, providing for the selection of a global invariant, regional variations and unique orientation conditions at each point of geographical space-time. The navigation concept of information modeling of the world provides an understanding of the harmonious development of human as part of the universe, contributes to solving theoretical problems of modern science (refining evolution models; determining the primary purpose of prehistoric cultural heritage objects; reconstructing the semantics of signs and the genesis of sign systems) and can be the methodological basis of interdisciplinary research in the geography of culture.


systems approach; Geographical system (Geo-system); Sustainability; Objects of cultural heritage; Tourism; Information; Navigation methods; labyrinths and petroglyphs; menhirs

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Registered by the Cancelleria del Tribunale di Pavia N. 685/2007 R.S.P. – electronic ISSN 2038-5498


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